How to Check Your Hard Drives Health

by | Mar 23, 2023 | Electronics & Gadgets

Hard drives are essential to any computer system as they store all of the user’s data. Over time, hard drives can become damaged and develop problems that can lead to data loss. Therefore, it is essential to regularly check your hard drive’s health to ensure it is functioning correctly.

There are a few different ways to check the health of your hard drive. In this article, we will explore some of the most common methods.

Check the Defragment and Optimize Drives Utility

Let’s start with the easiest way to check the health of your hard drive. The Optimize Drives app that comes with your Windows. Defragmentation, also known as defragmentation, is the process of organizing data on your hard drive.

All fragmented data is reorganized and arranged sequentially, neat, and cleanly. Defragmentation improves disk health and overall computer performance.

You will need to monitor the fragmentation of your HDD if you use a traditional hard drive for your computer. Fragmented hard drives slow down everything you do on your computer, including shutting down the PC and opening a browser window

This is how to optimize and defragment your hard drive:

  • Windows Start
  • Use “defrag”
  • To begin the defragmentation process, open the “Defragment and optimize Drives” tab and click “Optimize.”

This will take a while to complete, but once it’s done, you should see an improvement in your hard drive’s performance. The drive is already optimized if the “Optimize” button is greyed out.

Use the Windows CHKDSK Command

CHKDSK, short for Check Disk, is a Windows System tool you can use to check the health of your hard drives. It works with DOS, IBM, and Windows, and this tool scans the integrity of the file system and corrects logical errors.

To use the CHKDSK command.

  • Go to Windows “Start.”
  • To open the command prompt, type “cmd.”
  • Enter “CHKDSK” and close the command prompt window.
  • This will run a scan of your HDD and display the status.

A status of “OK” means that the drive is healthy, while a status of “Failed” or “Warning” indicates that there may be some problems with the drive.

If you see a “Failed” or “Warning” status, you should rerun the CHKDSK command with the /r option to repair any errors.


BIOS means Basic Input/Output System, a system that controls the basic operations of your computer. You can use BIOS to check the SMART information of your HDD, and SMART is an acronym for Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology.

This technology monitors the internal health of hard drives and provides information about them. You can use the SMART attributes of a drive to determine its health.

To check the SMART information of your HDD in BIOS

  • Restart your computer and press the “Del” key to enter BIOS.
  • Find the “Drive Health” or “S.M.A.R.T” option in BIOS and enable it.
  • Check the “S.M.A.R.T” status of your HDD. If the status is “OK,” then the drive is healthy.


We have explored some of the most common methods for checking the health of your hard drive. If you think your hard drive might be failing, we recommend that you back up your data as soon as possible.